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Medial Collateral Ligament (Mcl) Injury

Overview

A simple purpose of knee is to bend or straighten so that body can perform many activities like running, walking, kicking, and sitting. We can’t imagine standing up from a chair if our knees couldn't bend. The Medial Collateral Ligament maintains the stability of knee joint and prevents the joint from sliding sideways. It is present on the side of the knee. Functioning of MCL is important for the working of knee. Acute injury and trauma as well as chronic overuse can both cause inflammation and showing the symptoms of pain, swelling, redness and warmth.


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Causes

The knee is more susceptible to twisting or stretching injuries. If the knee is stressed from a specific direction, then the ligament which holds it in a place can get tear up. Ligament stretching or tears are called sprains. These sprains are categorised as first, second, or third degree which is based upon the damage occured. Grade one sprains stretch the ligament but don't tear the fibres; grade two sprains partially tear the fibres, but the ligament remains intact; and grade three tears completely disrupt the ligament.


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Signs & Symptoms

Knee injuries causes pain and swelling with difficulty in bending the knee and weight-bearing. Inflammation in the joint can be caused by even minor activity. Feeling of instability of the knee is a symptom of ligament injury. Bones become deformed, there is loss of sensation below the site of injury and pain become intolerable in ligament injury.

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Prevention

Proper footwear minimizes the risk of knee injury. Wearing shoes that are appropriate for the activity can lessen the risk of twisting and other forces that can stress the knee. Strong muscles stabilize joints.


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Treatments
RICE and Exercises Yoga & Meditation

RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) with some strengthening exercises and  physical therapy can treat knee injuries. Many knee injuries can be treated surgically with an arthroscope, where a camera is used and small punctures are made in the knee to insert instruments. The treatment for the ligament injury includes a knee immobilizer, a removable Velcro splint that keeps the knee straight and stable.

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