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Chronic Gouty Arthritis

Overview

Gout is a disease in which needle like crystals of uric acid get deposit on the joints. Due to deposition, a person experiences pain in the joints of the legs and the feet. In Chronic gouty arthritis, repeated episodes of pain in the joint happens. Although, the condition mostly affects the single joint, elbows, wrists, fingers, ankles, etc are other places that can also get affected from the condition. Uric acid is deposited onto tendons, cartilage tissues and soft tissues. If deposit occurs in the kidneys, then it may lead to chronic kidney failure. The condition is likely to affect postmenopausal women, males and people suffering from high blood pressure. Gouty arthritis and gout-chronic are the alternative names of the disorder.


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Causes

The disorder occurs when an overproduction of the uric acid takes place in the body or body becomes incapable to cease the production of uric acid to a certain level. However, it is not wrong to say that the exact cause of the condition is yet unknown. Intake of heavy alcohol, obesity, diabetes, kidney disease, sickle cell anemia and administration of those drugs that obstruct with excretion of uric acid are certain conditions that increase the risk of the disease.


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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of chronic gouty arthritis are rapid onset of the pain followed by reddish discoloration, swelling, warmth and marked tenderness. Sometimes, tenderness is so intense that touching of the blanket to the affected area even becomes unbearable. Fever, repeated attacks of arthritis, etc are other symptoms of the condition.

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Prevention

If a person administers the drug that helps in lowering serum uric acid concentration, chances of getting affected from chronic gouty arthritis can be reduced.


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Chronic gouty arthritis can be treated successfully with those drugs that help in reducing levels of the uric acid. Medicines that treat the disorder include sulfinpyrazone, allopurinol, probenecid, etc. among these medications; allopurinol is the most commonly used medication. In some cases colchicines medication, in a limited dosage, is given for reducing the frequency of acute attacks. In order to avoid the kidney’s complications, patients are advised to drink plenty of water.

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