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Bursitis

Overview

Bursitis is the medical term indicating the inflammation of bursa. Bursa is the name given to the small fluid filled sac, which may help the bones to glide on the surface of each other without causing any friction. A human body has 160 bursae in the body. The joints more susceptible to this disease are hip, heel, shoulder, elbow and heel.


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Causes

There are several underlying causes of bursitis. The bursa may get inflamed due to any underlying infection from injury or microorganism. It may also get inflamed due to rheumatic condition. Constant rubbing of the tendons over the bones due to repetitive arm, hip, ankle movements, etc may lead to inflammation of the joints in the long run and may eventually result in bursitis.


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient with bursitis may suffer from the following symptoms:-

  • The patient may complain of pain in the affected joint.
  • There may be a feeling of tenderness.
  • The joint may be inflamed and may seal movement of the joint partially or completely.
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Prevention

Try to prevent the underlying disease to prevent bursitis at the initial stage only. Routine stretching of the affected joint will help prevent the bursitis.


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Bursitis is treated by treating the underlying cause of this disease. Non infectious bursitis can be treated through ice compression and proper rest. Nonsteroidal painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs may be administered to cut down the pain and swelling of the affected joints. Aspiration of the extra fluid may also be done if necessary. Cortisone injection may also be administered directly to the swollen bursa to treat certain types of noninfectious bursitis. Antibiotics may also be administered to treat infectious bursitis.

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