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Bunions

Overview

Bunion is a condition that can be referred as structural deformity of the bones and the joint. Bunion is a painful swelling that causes bump on the inner side of the foot. In simple words, the condition can be defined as appearance of bony protuberance at the toe’s base. The disease is often categorized as degenerative disease. The condition is commonly faced by women and sometimes run from one generation to other. Hallux Valgus is the alternative name of the condition.


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Causes

The condition is caused due to thickening and inflammation of the bursa that eventually results in abnormal formation of the bones misalignment of the toe. Wearing unsuitable footwear is also considered as one of the causes of the bunion. Bunion gradually worsens with the passage of time and causes discomfort.


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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of the condition are:

  • Redness, tenderness and swelling in the toe
  • Bony bump at the site
  • Turing of the big toe towards the other toe
  • Difficulty in walking
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Prevention

Avoid wearing wrong shoes that compress the toes of the foot.


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Treatments
Surgery Modern Medicine

If a person suffers from severe bunions that has resulted in severe deformity or pain, then bunion surgery is recommended. The surgery helps in realigning the toes and removing the bony bumps. The surgery shows effective results. However, surgery is the last resort; steps are taken to treat the condition by following conservative methods. 

Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

The bunion is easy to treat especially if a person seeks treatment at an early stage. Primarily, taking good care of the feet and wearing wide-toed shoes are two ways that prevent the need of taking any further treatment. The doctor may recommend wearing foam or flat pads on the foot for protecting the bunion or using spacers in order to separate the two toes in night.

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