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Arthritis

Overview

Arthritis is a broad term that contains group of disorders that affect muscles and joints of the human body. Wherever two different bones meet, that point is called joint. Joint performs an important function of movement in body parts that are connected by bones.  In medical terms, arthritis is defined as an inflammation of one or more than one joints. A person can suffer from various kinds of arthritis such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, reactive arthritis, and many more. All ages of people are equally at risk from arthritis. It is not wrong to categorize arthritis as debilitating condition because not only it causes loss of functioning, but sometimes, it makes difficult to perform even day to day tasks


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Causes

Depending upon the kind of arthritis, causes vary. For instance, injury causes osteoarthritis, metabolic abnormalities cause gout, infections and hereditary factors cause rheumatoid arthritis, etc. However, some of the most common causes of arthritis are gender, age, weight, nutritional factors, previous injury, etc. Other factors can include systematic diseases, wear and tear of the joints, infections and fractures, etc.


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Signs & Symptoms

The most common symptoms experienced by people in arthritis include pain, inflammation of the joints, warmth, swelling, redness, tenderness, etc. Some of the rare symptoms of the condition include gland swelling, fever, fatigue, weight loss, abnormalities of organs such as heart, kidneys, etc. It is necessary to take immediate treatment of the condition as if treatment is not taken timely, then there are chances that condition can persist for lifetime.

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Prevention

Taking healthy balanced diet, regular physical exercise regimen, etc are the only ways that can help in preventing arthritis. 


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Treatments
NSAIDs Modern Medicine

Medications like pain relievers and Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are given for easing pain, inflammation, etc. Corticosteroids injections are also given in the joints, in some cases, for temporary reliefs

Exercise Therapy Modern Medicine

Basically, treatment of arthritis comprises of physical therapy, splinting, surgical operations, immune-altering medications, self-care, exercise, etc. The basic aim of treating arthritis is improving movement of the joints with each passing day. Self-care methods play crucial role in speedy recovery and alleviating the symptoms. Self-care methods comprise of taking supplements in order to strengthen the joints’ cartilage. Arthritis is often accompanied with fatigue; therefore taking adequate rest is necessary while doing physical exercises. Aerobics is also good form of physical exercises that are recommended by health professionals. Exercises, physical therapy and aerobics are basically suggested to reduce stiffness and strengthen the muscles. Eat balanced and nutritional diet for staying healthy and maintaining an ideal body weight. Non-surgical methods for treating arthritis include application of cold and hot packs as they help in reducing pain, swelling, etc. Assistive devices like braces, canes and splints are used for reducing pain. In some cases, health professionals recommend massages also as they provide relief from pain and inflammation.

Joint Replacement Modern Medicine

It is important to disclose that severe cases of arthritis are treated with joint replacement surgery.

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